Teen Pregnancy: Medical Risks and Realities
What do you know about teen pregnancy – in the sense of statistics and how teenage pregnancy affects the health? Do you know the common early signs of pregnancy? What do you know about how to have a healthy pregnancy at a young age? Here is the information that will help you understand teenage pregnancy, and can also help you get through this, if you – a teenage girl and you are pregnant.
Teenage pregnancy: signs
Absence of one or more menstrual periods – is a classic sign of pregnancy. But it can be difficult to detect as a teenage girls periods are not regular. It may also be difficult for the young girls who practice excessive dieting which can result in irregular periods, or weight loss by exercising, or anorexia.
A complete list of pregnancy signs:
a missed menstrual period
nausea or vomiting – the so-called “morning sickness”, though it can occur during the day
sudden and strong aversion to certain foods (meat, fat, fried)
pain in the nipple or entire breast
unusual tiredness and sleepiness
frequent urge to urinate
unusual mood swings
Of course, positive pregnancy test is another indication of pregnancy. Home pregnancy tests are generally considered to be accurate. These simple kits can be purchased without a prescription in pharmacies.
Pregnant teens and their unborn children have special health risks.
Lack of prenatal care
Pregnant teenagers – especially if they do not have support from parents – is the risk of a lack of adequate prenatal care. Prenatal care is crucial, especially in the first months of pregnancy. Prenatal monitoring of health problems for the mother and child, child growth and timely understanding of the possible complications are very important. Vitamins with folic acid – ideally taken before pregnancy – play a key role in helping to help prevent certain birth defects such as neural tube defects.
High blood pressure
Pregnant teens are at higher risk of developing high blood pressure – known as hypertension of pregnant women – high risk for pregnant women aged 20 to 30 years. Young girls also have a higher risk of pre-eclampsia. This is a dangerous disease that combines the high blood pressure with an excess of protein in the urine, swelling of the hands and face, and damage to internal organs.
These health risks affect pregnant teenagers who may have to take medication to control symptoms. But the drugs can also disrupt the growth of the unborn child. And they can lead to further complications of pregnancy, such as premature birth.
Full-term pregnancy lasts 40 weeks. A child who is born for up to 37 weeks is considered premature. In some cases, premature birth can be stopped with medication and rest. In other cases, the fetus must be removed prematurely for the health of the mother and child. The earlier a baby is born, the greater the risk to his respiratory, digestive, visual, and other cognitive functions.
Low birth weight of the baby
Adolescents are at higher risk of low birth weight of the baby at birth. Premature babies often weigh less than they should. In particular, this is because they have less time to develop in utero. A child with low birth weight weighs from 1.5 to 2.5 kilograms. A child with a very low birth weight weights less than 1300 grams. Such children may need mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit to assist with breathing after birth.
Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia and HIV is a serious concern for adolescents who have sex during pregnancy. The use of condoms during sexual intercourse helps to prevent getting a sexually transmitted disease, which is especially important during pregnancy. This is important because the infection is transmitted sexually, can rise up through the cervix and uterus and infect the growing child.
Pregnant teenagers may have a higher risk of developing of postpartum depression (which begins after the birth). Girls, who experience low mood and sadness both during pregnancy and after childbirth, should speak to their doctor or someone else, someone they trust. Depression can affect the complete care of the newborn.
The feeling of loneliness and isolation.
For teens, who think that they can’t tell their parents that they are pregnant, feelings of fear, isolation, and loneliness can be a real problem. Without the support of family or other adults, pregnant teens are less likely to eat well, exercise, or to fully relax. And what’s more important – they have less opportunity to attend antenatal clinics regularly. The presence of at least one adult who is credible and provides support to young mother is important part of invaluable aid that provides adolescents prenatal care and emotional support to stay healthy during this time.
How to reduce the health risk of teenage pregnancy?
If you are a girl, a teenager and you’re pregnant, you can give yourself a healthy pregnancy by simple steps:
Take early prenatal care. Consult your doctor for the first prenatal visit, once you have decided that you are pregnant.
Stay away from alcohol, drugs and cigarettes. It’s bad for the growing fetus, even more than the harm to a growing teenager. If you can’t quit by your own, ask for help from those you trust.
Take vitamins, at least 4 mg folic acid daily to prevent congenital defects. Ideally, this should be done before you get pregnant.
Seek emotional support. Being a mother – it means to experience untold emotional problems – especially for teenagers. Refer to other people – your friends, family, child’s father – for moral and practical support.
For teens, who healthy and strong, there are good chances of having a healthy, strong baby – especially with early prenatal care and a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy.