In the period from birth to the first month of the baby develops intensively. He falls into a completely new environment, it is unknown. Therefore, in this age, he has never much in need of comfort and security – the constant care from mothers and other family members.
This period is very important for the baby, since the first month of life for him – it’s the time for a change, when many things before were done for him by the mother (breathing, eating, warmth and much more), now he has to do himself. Therefore, the child’s body is rapidly changing, adapting to the new conditions.
Mental development of children in the first month
In the first month of life the child is sleeping a lot. Immediately after birth, it can sleep up to 20 hours a day, waking only to eat. In this case, it does not matter day or night – the biological clock is not established. But by the end of the first month the sleeping time it is usually reduced, the baby is awake more, and at night sleeps longer than usual.
First, baby har weak response to the surrounding objects, more listening to his own feelings (hunger, cold, and others), but soon he begins an intensive study of a new world, still unknown to him . The child is developing rapidly, and at 2-3 weeks of age, he already knows how to fix his eyes on a bright object. That is, the kid looking at it, trying to learn something new about the world.
At this age child’s first smile appears. First, it only occurs during sleep (this is about the age of 2 weeks), then you’ll notice it after a feeding. By the end of the first month, it is becoming more “social” and appears not only to meet the physiological needs, but also the approach of the adult. Of course, this is not a strong response to the emergence of adult animation, which will appear later, but a smile – this is the first sign of communication and contact with other people.
So, to express his feelings and desires baby at this age may has only two actions – he cries and smiles.
The physical development of the baby in the first month
Appearance of the child at this age is quite helpless. Its movements are still very chaotic, impractical and generalized. There is an increase in muscle tone of the flexor, which is manifested in the “flexion” installation of hands and feet, clenched fists. This strengthening of tone usually goes to the end of the first month.
On average, for the first month of life the baby will increase in his weight up to 600 grams, and the length of his body to increase by 3 centimeters. In this case, the head circumference increases by 1.5 cm, and the chest – 2 cm
Caring for your baby during the first month of life
Caring for a toddler is an art that parents will have to learn in the nearest future. First month – is a period when the child needs special attention and care, because he is helpless.
Respond to his every call, try to create around him a warm and joyful atmosphere. During this period the communicating skills are being formed and they better be strong. If mother meets all kid’s needs and gives him the maximum comfort, even in adulthood that person will feel confident.
While taking care the baby’s skin, keep in mind that you should start doing after the navel has gone off. This usually occurs during weeks 2 – 3. Prior to that, should confine with wet wiping.
What can the baby on the first month
He is able to turn from his back to his side.
He startles or blinks in a sudden sound.
All the emotions are expressed in cry or smile.
Tries to repeat certain facial expressions of adults. For example, if during intercourse loll out, after a while the baby also will do it, and if you smile – he will meet a smile.
A child at this age has well developed reflexes of newborns.
Makes sounds while hearing the conversations.